Durham County was formed in the late 1800's from portions of Orange and Wake Counties. Today, it is best known for its universities located in the City of Durham and its high tech industries located in Research Triangle Park in the southern portion of the county. The northern portion of the county consists mainly of small rural communities and farm land. Durham County has one school district that covers all of the county.
City of DurhamOriginally an agricultural area of Orange County, Durham began its modern day life as Durham Station when a railroad station was opened in 1849. The town grew slowly until after the Civil War when the tobacco industry began to thrive due to the rapid growth of the Bull Durham Tobacco Company and the W. Duke & Sons Tobacco Company. Two events in the early 1900's lead the way to the Durham of today. In 1910, North Carolina Central University, the nation's first publicly supported liberal arts college for African-Americans, was founded and in 1924, James Buchanan Duke established a philanthropic foundation to support Trinity College. Trinity College later changed its name to Duke University. As the tobacco industry began to falter in the late 1900's, Durham began the transition to a college town and a major medical center.
In the late 1950's, Duke University, the University of North Carolina in Chapel Hill and North Carolina State University in Raleigh, persuaded the North Carolina Legislature to purchase a large tract of land in southern Durham County and create the nation's first "science park" for industry. This area, now called Research Triangle Park, has become the center of high tech industry in the area. Currently over 200 companies including IBM, GlaxoSmithKline and Cisco Systems have facilities in the park.
The Durham of today is vibrate college town with fine restaurants, its own minor league baseball team, the Durham Bulls, and a variety of cultural venues including the Durham Performing Arts Center.
The data relating to real estate for sale on this web site comes in part from the IDX™ Program of the Triangle Multiple Listing Services, Inc. of Cary. Real estate listing held by brokerage firms other than Triangle MLS are marked with the IDX™ logo or the IDX™ thumbnail logo and the detailed information about them includes the name of the listing brokers. The listing broker has attempted to offer accurate data, but buyers are advised to confirm all items.
Updated: 13th June, 2021 7:57 AM (UTC).